Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics


The reference

The importance of AI can be gauged from the fact that it was mentioned by Union Minister Piyush Goyal while presenting the Interim Budget for the year 2018-19. Today, Artificial Intelligence-AI is mentioned in almost every field where any work can be done automatically without direct intervention of man. The use of AI has proved to be a boon in some areas in which human beings may be at risk in working. But every coin has two sides and AI is no exception. While it has many benefits, it also has some downside.


Artificial Intelligence and Robotics


What is Artificial Intelligence?

Before proceeding further, it is known that what is Artificial Intelligence or AI?

Simply put, artificial intelligence is the activity by which machines are made intelligent ... and intelligence is the quality that enables an entity to function appropriately and with foresight in its environment.

When a machine or equipment solves problems by learning to adapt to the conditions, then it comes under the scope of AI. It can be called a mixture of thinking, planning, learning, language processing, conceptualization, speed, creativity, etc.

There are many unresolved questions

AI provides impressive applications for humans with remarkable benefits; But there are many unanswered questions with social, political or moral aspects, without question, the question mark will remain on it. The widespread use of AI may have consequences that have not been imagined.
In AI, machines will be taken in place of humans, machines will start making decisions themselves and if they are not controlled, then it can also pose a danger to humans.
Scientists consider this the biggest danger when machines through artificial intelligence will start deciding moral questions without human intervention. Such as decisions related to life, security, birth-death, social relations etc.
Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawkins also said that humans are the result of thousands of years of slow biological evolution, which AI cannot compete with.
Bill Gates believes that if man can build a machine capable of thinking better than himself, then it can become the biggest threat to man's existence.
Major potential threats from AI
It is believed that the use of AI can bring major changes in the areas of communication, defense, health, disaster management and agriculture. Although its benefits are not very clear right now, it can be said about the dangers of AI that the biggest harm will be to human existence.

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics


Question of purity and fairness

AI systems gain knowledge by analyzing large and large amounts of data and they continue to adapt through continuous formatting of Interaction Data and User-Feedback.
But the big question is how in this scenario will it be ensured that the way the algorithm of AI has been trained is not fair or prone to bias?
What if a company succeeds in intentionally or otherwise entering biases in favor of a particular class of customers or users through a training data set?

Access to statistics, knowledge, technology

In today's interconnected world, a very small group of companies are collecting large amounts of data. Access to this aggregated data can provide information not only about a person's day-to-day activities, interactions, etc., but also in the context of clearly expressed or vaguely marked interests. Through this data, one can get any kind of information about our activities, past and pattern or the pattern of one's normal life.

Privacy threat

In view of the possibility of illegal access to the data of a person's online activities, it creates a situation of risk for the right to privacy. This can also jeopardize the right to privacy not only online, but also to an offline user (who has decided to remain 'disconnected' consciously). For example, if a 'disconnected user' is doing any kind of activity in a newly developed smart city, it is difficult to escape from this realm.

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics

Technological unemployment

This is the unemployment that can arise from the introduction of new technologies, ie employment replacement due to the introduction of AI-enabled machines or systems. This will bring about significant changes in the workforce and markets; Some types of work roles and jobs will go out of business, some industries will be radically changed and employment patterns and relationships may be redefined.
The three previous industrial revolutions affected the workforce in various ways:

The first industrial revolution required a lot of manual labor in the industrial workforce.
The second industrial revolution required a technological workforce.
The Third Industrial Revolution created a distinct group of manpower known as the managerial and technocratic classes.
It is not clear what kind of labor force the Fourth Industrial Revolution will require, but it is likely that it may increase unemployment far more than the three previous revolutions.

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics

Unbalanced power and data control

Technology giants are investing heavily on AI at all levels of science, engineering and commercial and product development.
These big players are in an advantageous position compared to any other aspiring competitor and are a feature of a data-oligarchic society.
Security questions are important
Security is an important aspect in the context of AI. If one is inattentive with a smart system (for example an automated car) it can have fatal consequences, especially when cyber security threats are increasing day by day.
Deadly automatic weapon
This autonomy of decision making in military contexts can prove to be extremely fatal. The magnitude of the situation can be easily visualized when deadly automatic weapons operated from future advanced robotic systems will be able to attack targets without human intervention or acceptance. The question is, who will control the design, operation and target setting of these attacking robots? How would such robots understand the complexity of complex situations? On what basis will we self-destruct deadly attacks… etc… etc?
Other components related to AI
No discussion on AI can be considered complete until information about its associate components is obtained.

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics

Internet of things

Applications of the concept of the Internet of Things feature remote monitoring over the Internet. It is a group of different devices that communicate and interact with the Internet and share data effortlessly.

For example, a water treatment system can be analyzed using a smart meter and it can be controlled at any time and from anywhere.

or...

An ambulance, which can select the least time consuming route while taking a victim of a road accident, and then arrange the equipment and medicines required for the first aid of the injured by looking at the complete medical details online. Do it.


Machine Learning

Machine learning is a process in which machines like computers learn to do something on their own. In this scheme, machines learn to perform certain tasks like human brain and in this process they do not need any human help. Machine learning is an algorithm that helps software run correctly. The common task of machine learning is to create such an algorithm that it can take the input data and analyze the data easily. This will allow new data to be updated with the output data information.

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics

Robotics

Robotics is the branch of engineering under which the design, maintenance of robots, development of new applications and research etc. are done. In robotics, computers are used for Manipulation & Processing. Robotics can generally be divided into four classes - 1. Industrial robots 2. Personal robots 3. Robots for medical use 4. Autonomous robots. AI is also studied under robotics engineering.

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics


Road ahead

The AI technological revolution presents better opportunities for prosperity and development, but it is necessary to ensure that this technology will be applied and used in the right direction.
Some steps are already being taken in this regard in various parts of the world, such as the use and right of Explainable AI (XAI) to understand the models used for AI (and this Understanding how they make a particular decision, which is required by the European Union's 'GDPR — General Data Protection Regulation').
It can also be said that AI can have an effect on AI Effect or Odd Paradox, that is, AI brings a new technology to the masses and people get used to this technology. After this it is not seen as AI and then a next new technology cycle begins.
In conclusion, it can be said that the development of AI and AI-based applications should not be curbed, but a system of monitoring and regulation of different levels of its development and use should be maintained.
Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Reviewed by Search for Articles Free - Admin on January 13, 2020 Rating: 5

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